Getting Started With Finances

Over the last few years I have really taken a keen interest in my personal finance and financial freedom. In a perfect world we would all be armed with this information and start earning, saving, and investing at an early age. But majority of us did not receive this information or learn how to properly manage money. Just Google “broke athletes” and if it can happen to them, it could happen to one of us. So stay tuned and sign up for alerts. I’ll share my story about my path to financial freedom. Follow me on Twitter

@financeideas101

Net Worth of $0.00 at Age 40!

I turn 40 tomorrow. As of right now I feel like its just another day and just one more birthday.

But as I start to think about where I am in my life right now, two things come to mind.

1) I wish I started investing earlier

2) I’m glad I started investing as early as I did.

Compound Interest

A picture is worth a 1000 words right?

What if you’re 40 years old and have zero saved?

It’s a tough position to be in and I’m fortunate I can celebrate my 40th knowing that I started saving early enough. I’m well on my way to achieving my financial goals in the next 5 years.

But I can’t help and stop to think about some friends that hit a rough spot or never thought of investing.

But I hope they read this and see that even at age 40, one can still save a decent nest egg.

If you’re 40 and reading this and haven’t saved anything, I hope this motivates you and helps you realize you still have time.

But that window is closing and 25 years will go by quick!

Big Business and Personal Finance!

What can we learn from big business?

I work for a company that prefers Net 60 payment terms to its vendors. The goal is to receive the customer payment within 30 days or less and then hold the cash and make the payment to the vendor after 60 days.

So what’s the comparison to personal finance?

All of my spending is done on a rewards credit card. I make sure I stay within my monthly budget and pay the balance off on the due date. I have a high interest checking account so my cash grows while it sits there until payment time.

It’s not making me rich but it allows me to hold cash, gain some interest, and accumulate airlines reward points. I probably have about 8-10 free flights banked right now.

Businesses like to hold cash and pay debts at the very last minute. I believe in doing the same.

Let me know your thoughts on this!

That New Car Smell !!!!!

New Car Face

I have seen and read a lot of tweets and blog posts lately that say the key to being financially independent is never buy a new car. These posts are mostly filled with the typical writer talking about mistakes they made in the past. Although that is good, it is misleading and incorrect to attribute reaching or not reaching financial independence.

Assumptions:

Our hypothetical person for the sake of this post is 30 years old and is a college graduate. This person is single and makes just a tad bit more than the LA median salary of $62,000 LA Median Salary

I will list different scenarios. Some of them will be detailed and others will be self-explanatory.

Scenario A: Renting, credit card debt, student loan debt, and no financial strategy.

Do not buy a new car. Do not buy a car if you don’t need it. If you do need a car, buy a used junker that successfully gets you from point A to B. Self-explanatory that financing any sort of car, new or used, is absolutely not in your best interest.

Scenario B: Renting, no debt, contributing enough to get company match in 401k, 3 months emergency fund.

Do not buy a new car. Same answer as scenario A. Work on saving money to increase emergency fund to 6 months and contributing more to tax deferred investment accounts. Real Estate is tricky and we won’t get into that but decide at this stage what is more important, owning property or purchasing a new car. Either way save money for that goal.

 Scenario C: Renting, maxed out 401k, 6 month emergency fund, no debt.

Bi-weekly Gross Pay $2,500.00

A Month of Not Spending-Final Thoughts

It’s hard. Really hard. I didn’t actually achieve my goal of only spending money on key essentials such as gas, food, and medical.

What I learned:

I learned it’s hard to be frugal when I am already frugal.

Hear me out before passing judgement. I currently max out tax deferred accounts (401k, Roth IRA). I have an emergency fund. I pay all my bills on time. I make double car payments. I also have brokerage accounts I invest in. Personally, our savings rate is phenomenal. Well above the national average and probably above majority of our peers.

But when is too much saving…too much? I felt it becoming almost an obsession. An obsession that took on the form of a monster when it came to not spending.

We both work hard and work long hours. We are looking at side hustles and niche ways to make additional income. But we also need to enjoy the fruits of our labor.

Enough Sad Story

I decided to add $100 each for myself and my wife to spend on clothing per month.

How did spending money on clothing originate from a month of no spend?

I was able to look closely at our budget and spending and decided this is a need. There were times in the past we decided we needed clothing. We would then spend large sums at that time. We both felt this would make more sense. Keep the spending under control and maintain our wardrobe.

I might do this with restaurants. That was previously another high monthly expense. I think we will put a cap on monthly restaurant spending.

This allows us to increase our savings rate without decreasing our lifestyle. It will provide more satisfaction and careful selection of restaurants. And it’s date night! A later blog post will detail how we plan to be frugal at restaurants.

Summary

Not spending any of our disposable income is not a sustainable path for us. I am glad I chose to not spend for a month, but anything beyond that is next to impossible. We gained some great ideas from it and I do encourage you to try it. The caveat, make sure you have your spending and debt under control.

No Spend August Day 18

Screenshots courtesy of the Daily Budget App which I highly recommend.

So it’s day 18 and I’m more than half way through our August no spend. To recap, the goal was to only purchase necessities, such as food and medical. I budget for gas so I don’t include items like that in my variable expenses, although I could.

I’ll tell you this…..not spending is hard. Especially in a city like Los Angeles. We tend to spend the majority of our variable cash on food and drink.

So how are we doing so far?

Medical added up this month but usually we rarely have medical expenses. I was on business travel so I spent some money on restaurants. The good thing is I will be reimbursed for most of it, regardless, I kept track of it.

We haven’t done as good as we expected on the restaurant and drinks categories. However, it is significantly lower than past months at this point. We aren’t going out this weekend so I don’t expect much to change.

Lessons learned!

-we love eating out. Going forward we won’t eliminate it but we will start sharing one entree and only having one drink each.

-we have not spent money on clothes but we decided to add $100 each per month to spend on improving and managing our wardrobe. That’s another blog post.

-we have projected enough savings to pay for our AirBnB for our 14 day vacation to South America.

Not spending isn’t easy but it can help change habits and improve your overall savings rate.

I like the surplus of cash and the fact that I am in the green and not the red. See below.

No Spend August Day 9

I definitely couldn’t blog daily about my one month no spend experiment.

I was going to wait until day 15, but since I am craving tacos and tequila, I opted for day 9.

It’s definitely harder than I thought. I figured this would be a breeze. Then I realized I can’t go golfing. I have to stick to my guns here.

So far I have spent $870.00 in variable expenses. Some of you might say, whoa dude, you spent almost $100 per day. Unfortunately I had to pay some medical expenses I put off and didn’t realize were due. But the only two expenses that are acceptable during a month of no spend is…..groceries and medical.

My wife and I are eating up all the food we have. Good way to clear out the old stuff before it goes bad. You can get pretty creative with it. We haven’t purchased anything in 3 days and other then groceries this weekend, highly unlikely we’ll purchase anything else.

My goal is to keep the variable expenses to $1200 this month. It helps to use an app like Daily Budget which allows a quick simple way to track expenses.

It takes a few weeks to change habits so maybe I’ll continue this no spend into September. I still have to get through August first.

Side Hustle Struggle! Part 1

I would have liked for this post to be about how I have found success in my side hustle(s). So far I am still trying to find my niche.

The positive is that my wife and I are coming up work ideas and writing them down. Trying out some prototypes as well.

I suppose there really isn’t a negative considering that forces us to use creativity and communication.

We both love wine, so recycling our wine bottles into art is something we could do. We would have to build an Etsy page and market ourselves. Eventually it might take off.

I have also tried Mturk with Amazon. I earned $0.12 in one week. Woo hoo. Still navigating that process.

Stay tuned. More to come.

401k Contributions

I have posted about this on Twitter a few times recently. I come across people who don’t know how much they should contribute. Some people think they can’t afford to contribute at all and some just don’t know the basics. And let’s be honest, human resources staff will just tell you that you have a 401k. Most of them don’t know the basics either and just refer you to the plan representatives.

I want to make this a quick and basic tutorial. Contributing and lowering your tax liability is easy. What funds to put it in….that’s another topic. Although don’t fear that just yet. If your just getting started then let the 401k plan contributor manage it while you measure their performance and fees.

I decided to use a salary of $75,000 but we could use any salary to make the point. The salary range will change your tax bracket depending on how much you contribute to your 401k.

Example 1:

75k per year salary with bi-weekly paychecks and claiming 0 for Federal and State taxes and no contributions. Combined Federal and State tax liability is $672.52 with $0 dollars going into a 401k. Total take home pay is $52,546.00 after taxes.

Screen Shot 2018-07-05 at 3.08.17 PM

Example 2:

75K per salary with bi-weekly paychecks claiming 0 on Federal and State taxes and contributing 8% of base salary into a 401K account which is exempt from Federal, State, and Local taxes.

Combined Federal and State tax liability is $565.89 with $230.77 going into a 401k. After deductions the take home pay is $1,867.28 which is a difference of $154.00 per paycheck. Total take home pay is $48,549.28 and $5,980 into a 401k account.

Screen Shot 2018-07-05 at 3.10.12 PM

Conclusion:

Example 1 will allow you to have a larger paycheck but only by $154.00 while paying more in taxes.

Example 2 allows you to save $5980.00 while still taking home $48,549.28 for a grand total of $54,529.28.

By contributing 8% of your 75k a year salary into a 401k you are saving over 2k from being taxed.

Seems like a win-win to me.

Screenshots courtesy of PaycheckCity

I use the free salary calculators at PaycheckCity to analyze my contributions and tax liability. It is a very useful too that can help you decided how much can you afford to save. And if you live paycheck to paycheck, start tracking expenses to see what you can afford. It might be more than you think.

Career and Money

What does a growing and successful career bring to a person?

Let’s get to the point. Money. We all need to make a living. We need to provide for our own future and in most cases, the future of others.

How does this coincide with financial independence you ask?

Well, I’ll tell you, and there are two ways to look at it.

Let’s look at it from the financial independence angle. Choosing the job and organization that best fits your values and goals takes precedence over the high salary. I remember when I was young, I’d look for the next best thing quickly. And that next best thing was money. It’s nice to be in a position where I can choose an organization and not hope that the organization chooses me.

Money and Happiness

A quick glance at the article posted above will provide some insight. And I think in my case, it’s true. Maybe yours as well.

My second point is this. When you get that pay raise, what do you do with it? Invest in your financial independence? Or buy new stuff to match your new salary. Being in debt and a slave to consumerism should never be the driving force in looking for a job that pays more.

Bottom line: Don’t try to keep up with the Jones’s by searching for more pay.

Key takeaway you ask? Eliminate debt, save, invest, and earn without sacrificing your life and soul!

Strategically map out your career. Sometimes a pay cut is a pay advance in the future. Try a lateral move. I wouldn’t recommend doing it more than twice in your career though.

But if you’re in debt and constantly struggling with money, it is just added anxiety that can cause your to blindly derail your career, happiness, and health.

Comment and let me know your thoughts!

Get Rich Quick!

I have a group chat with my beer league hockey team. We chat about everything from hockey to things I will not share on this blog.

The interesting topic that came up the other day was about selling 1000 shares of Disney stock to invest in Bitcoin. Some of the guys were like “do it” and two of us were against it.

I’ll make the case for why the minority in the group was correct.

Details:

Individual was fortunate enough to be gifted 1000 shares of Disney stock.

Currently trading at just over 100 a share.

Individual admitted he knows zero about stocks and investing. Red flag.

1000 shares is a about 100k before fees, taxes, etc if sold.

Unknowns:

Restrictions on stocks. I did ask him to find out.

Knowns:

Individual has no debt.

Individual is not maxing out tax deferred accounts.

Individual does not have 6-12 month emergency fund.

Individual has zero knowledge of investing but is eager to learn.

Advice:

My view is if you don’t have your tax deferred accounts maxed out and don’t understand where your money is going within those accounts, you can’t logically make the case to trade 1000 share of Disney stock for overvalued and overhyped Bitcoin.

Bitcoin Success Stories:

Media likes to hype on the lucky few who made millions off of Bitcoin. What about the thousands of people who blindly sunk their life savings into it and lost.

Individual’s Path Forward:

He may sell and buy Bitcoin. Who knows. But between myself and another team member, we laid out the case why he shouldn’t. Disney pays a nice a dividend. I said reinvest those dividends and increase your shares. Disney has been around a long time and isn’t going anywhere. Besides, it was a gift. If it drops to 80.00 a share, he still didn’t lose.

Actively participating in your own 401k and researching the funds is a start. We all have to start somewhere and if you have a tax deferred account options, that’s a great resource. You can call them ten times a day and get free advice and gain knowledge.

Read, read, read. I don’t know why we will read pointless Facebook posts 6 hours a day but we won’t read up on investing, economics, and the market.

Stay away from glorified fads. If you’re reading about a hot stock on main stream news, sorry but that ship has sailed. And most likely was a risky gamble.

Get rich quick is terrible idea.